Verbe Neregulate Engleza

Verbe neregulate engleza – sau de ce nu se pune „ed” la final pentru fiecare conjugare la simple past, past participle.

Limba engleza are in prezent 2 tipuri de verbe:

  • Verbe regulate in engleza care pot fi conjugate la simple past si past participle prin simpla adaugire a sufixului „ed”
    • Clean – cleaned – cleaned (a curata)
    • Love – loved – loved (a iubi)
  • Verbe neregulate in engleza care au propria lor conjugare la simple past si past participle. Acestea trebuie invatate si memorate.
    • Become – became – become (a deveni)
    • Break – broke – broken (a sparge/a rupe)

In acest articol nu vom discuta despre toate cele 5 conjugari al verbelor in limba engleza:

  1. infinitive,
  2. simple present,
  3. simple past,
  4. past participle,
  5. present participle,

ci doar despre simple past, si past participle, acestea definind verbele neregulate in limba engleza.

Verbe neregulate engleza – de ce le avem?

Poate ca ti se pare nitel dubios faptul ca o limba foarte folosita la nivel global, are o lista de peste 270 de verbe care par sa nu respecta nici o logica sau regula. Mai ales cand Japoneza are 1 verb neregulat, Chineza 3 si Turca nici un verb neregulat.

Asa ca, de ce este Engleza nitel mai intortochiata decat celalalte limbi mai sus mentionate? Pentru ca limba a evoluat.

Limba engleza a suferit modificari multiple de-alungul istoriei. Majoritatea verbelor neregulate din prezent, urmau un set de reguli bine definite in trecut. Totusi, aceste reguli au disparut odata cu modificarea limbii si evolutia societatii.

Regulile au disparut, gramatica in engleza s-a modificat si totusi, o mare parte dintre verbele neregulate s-au pastrat.

Verbe neregulate engleza contra verbe regulate engleza – cum le distingem?

Sa vorbim mai intai despre cum se creaza verbele regulate.

In limba engleza, verbele regulate pot fi conjugate foarte usor la simple past si past participle respectand urmatoarele reguli:

Verbe regulate engleza in Past Tense si Past Participle: 

Verbele regulate suporta modificari doar la persoana a 3-a adaugand un sufix de tip „ed”. In general, adaugarea acelui sufix este suficienta, insa, in functie de terminatia verbului, mici modificari de scrieri pot fi implementate.

Daca infinitivul se termina intr-o consoana sau orice alta vocala inafara de „e” si „y”, poti adauga ed.

  • laugh – laughed (a rade)
  • look – looked (a privi)

In cazul in care infinitivul verbului regulat se termina in vocala „e”, adaugati doar litera „d”.

  • love – loved
  • hate – hated

Si, in final, in cazul verbelor regulate care se termina in vocala „y”, avem 2 variante:

  • verbe regulate engleza ce se termina in consoana si vocala „y”, caz in care, inlocuim „y” cu „i” si adaugam „ed”Clarify – Clarified (a clarifica)
  • verbe regulate in engleza ce se termina in orice vocala urmata de vocala „y”, caz in care doar adaugam „ed”Play – Played (a juca)

Pentru verbe regulate in engleza in past Participle, trebuie doar sa urmati aceleasi reguli ca la Past Tense.

Totusi, cand vine vorba de verbe neregulate engleza, treaba sta total diferit.

Lista verbe neregulate engleza:

Personal, iti recomand sa inveti verbele neregulate si sa le memorezi. Aceasta este cea mai corecta solutie. Totusi, daca ai intalnit un verb necunoscut si regulile de mai sus prezentate nu suna bine, iti recomand sa arunci un ochi pe lista de mai jos.

Mentionam ca mai exista multe verbe neregulate in engleza. De asemenea, exista cazuri unde, scrierea nu se modifica, insa pronuntierea da.

  • read, read, read (citire: rid, red, red)

Pentru ca invata cat mai bine verbele neregulate si gramatica limbii engleze, te invitam sa arunci un ochi peste lista noastra de Cursuri Engleza.

 

Apasa pentru lista verbe neregulate

InfinitiveSimple PastPast Participle
alightalighted, alitalighted, alit
arisearosearisen
awakeawoke, awakedawoken, awaked
bewas, werebeen
bearboreborne, born
beatbeatbeaten, beat
becomebecamebecome
begetbegotbegotten
beginbeganbegun
bendbentbent
bereavebereaved, bereftbereaved, bereft
beseechbesought, beseechedbesought, beseeched
betbet, bettedbet, betted
bidbade, bidbidden, bid, bade
bidebade, bidedbided
bindboundbound
bitebitbitten
bleedbledbled
blessblessed, blestblessed, blest
blowblewblown
breakbrokebroken
breedbredbred
bringbroughtbrought
broadcastbroadcast, broadcastedbroadcast, broadcasted
buildbuiltbuilt
burnburnt, burnedburnt, burned
burstburstburst
bustbust, bustedbust, busted
buyboughtbought
cancould(kein Participle)
castcastcast
catchcaughtcaught
choosechosechosen
cleavecleft, cleaved, clovecleft, cleaved, cloven
clingclungclung
clotheclothed, cladclothed, clad
comecamecome
costcostcost
creepcreptcrept
crowcrowedcrew, crowed
cutcutcut
dealdealtdealt
digdugdug
dodiddone
drawdrewdrawn
dreamdreamt, dreameddreamt, dreamed
drinkdrankdrunk
drivedrovedriven
dwelldwelt, dwelleddwelt, dwelled
eatateeaten
fallfellfallen
feedfedfed
feelfeltfelt
fightfoughtfought
findfoundfound
fleefledfled
flingflungflung
flyflewflown
forbidforbad, forbadeforbid, forbidden
forecastforecast, forecastedforecast, forecasted
forgetforgotforgotten
forsakeforsookforsaken
freezefrozefrozen
geldgelded, geltgelded, gelt
getgotgot, gotten
gildgilded, giltgilded, gilt
givegavegiven
gnawgnawedgnawed, gnawn
gowentgone
grindgroundground
gripgripped, griptgripped, gript
growgrewgrown
hanghunghung
havehadhad
hearheardheard
heaveheaved, hoveheaved, hove
hewhewedhewed, hewn
hidehidhidden, hid
hithithit
holdheldheld
hurthurthurt
keepkeptkept
kneelknelt, kneeledknelt, kneeled
knitknitted, knitknitted, knit
knowknewknown
laylaidlaid
leadledled
leanleant, leanedleant, leaned
leapleapt, leapedleapt, leaped
learnlearnt, learnedlearnt, learned
leaveleftleft
lendlentlent
letletlet
lielaylain
lightlit, lightedlit, lighted
loselostlost
makemademade
maymight(kein Participle)
meanmeantmeant
meetmetmet
meltmeltedmolten, melted
mowmowedmown, mowed
paypaidpaid
penpent, pennedpent, penned
pleadpled, pleadedpled, pleaded
proveprovedproven, proved
putputput
quitquit, quittedquit, quitted
readreadread
ridrid, riddedrid, ridded
rideroderidden
ringrangrung
riseroserisen
runranrun
sawsawedsawn, sawed
saysaidsaid
seesawseen
seeksoughtsought
sellsoldsold
sendsentsent
setsetset
sewsewedsewn, sewed
shakeshookshaken
shallshould(kein Participle)
shearshearedshorn, sheared
shedshedshed
shineshoneshone
shitshit, shitted, shatshit, shitted, shat
shoeshod, shoedshod, shoed
shootshotshot
showshowedshown, showed
shredshred, shreddedshred, shredded
shrinkshrank, shrunkshrunk
shutshutshut
singsangsung
sinksanksunk
sitsatsat
slayslewslain
sleepsleptslept
slideslidslid
slingslungslung
slinkslunkslunk
slitslitslit
smellsmelt, smelledsmelt, smelled
smitesmotesmitten
sowsowedsown, sowed
speakspokespoken
speedsped, speededsped, speeded
spellspelt, spelledspelt, spelled
spendspentspent
spillspilt, spilledspilt, spilled
spinspunspun
spitspatspat
splitsplitsplit
spoilspoilt, spoiledspoilt, spoiled
spreadspreadspread
springsprang, sprungsprung
standstoodstood
stealstolestolen
stickstuckstuck
stingstungstung
stinkstank, stunkstunk
stridestrodestridden
strikestruckstruck
stringstrungstrung
strivestrovestriven
swearsworesworn
sweatsweat, sweatedsweat, sweated
sweepsweptswept
swellswelledswollen, swelled
swimswamswum
swingswungswung
taketooktaken
teachtaughttaught
teartoretorn
telecasttelecast, telecastedtelecast, telecasted
telltoldtold
thinkthoughtthought
throwthrewthrown
thrustthrustthrust
treadtrodtrodden
understandunderstoodunderstood
wakewoke, wakedwoken, waked
wearworeworn
weavewovewoven
wedwed, weddedwed, wedded
weepweptwept
wetwet, wettedwet, wetted
winwonwon
windwoundwound
wringwrungwrung
writewrotewritten

Diferenta intre Past tense si Past Participle pentru verbe neregulate engleza.

Pe langa tabelul de mai sus, care trebuie memorat, pentru a putea invata engleza, trebuie sa cunosti si cum sa folosesti corect timpurile in limba engleza.

Aceasta diferenta intre timpuri este extrem de importanta in cazul verbelor neregulate.

Pentru Past Tense, nu ai voie sa folosesti alte verbe auxiliare!

In ciuda galagiei, Andrei a dormit fara probleme. – Despite all the noise, Andrei slept without problems.

Pentru a memora lista de verbe neregulate in engleza, Ion a scris lista de mai multe ori. – In order to memorize the irregular verbs list in english, Ion wrote the list multiple times.

Pentru Past Participle, ai nevoie de minim 1 verb auxiliar inaintea verbului neregulat folosit!

Andreea a castigat premiul la concursul de engleza. – Andreea has won the prize at the English contest.

Vulturul si-a intins aripile inainte de zbor. – The eagle has spread his wings before flight.

Totusi, in cazul verbelor regulate, nu este necesar sa cunosti diferenta dintre Past Tense si Past Participle, pentru ca ambele folosesc aceasi forma a verbului. Totusi, verbele neregulate folosesc forme diferite.

La final, iti mai dam un indiciu! Stiai ca verbele la Past Participle pot fi folosite pe post de adjective?

Masina furata a fost gasita. – The stolen car was found.

Hainele purtate de Maria sunt murdare – The clothes worn by Maria are dirty.

Nu uita sa consulti mereu un dictionar atunci cand ai nelamuriri legate de un verb.

 

 

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